Substance:  tamoxifen citrate
Trade Names:    
Ceadon 10, 20 mg tab.; Beta Argentina
Crioxifeno 20 mg tab.; Cryo Pharma Mexico
Defarol 10 mg tab.; Proel GR
Dignotamoxi (o.c.) 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Dignos Chemie G
Duratamoxifen 10, 20, 30 mg tab.; Durachemie G
Emblon 10, 20 mg tab.; Berk GB
Jenoxifen 10, 20, 30 mg tab.; Jenapharm G
Kessar 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Pharmacia G
Kessar 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Farmitalia A
Kessar 10, 20 mg tab.; Farmatalia 1; Farmitalia-Carlo Erba CH, Fl, GR
Ledertam 10, 20 mg tab.; Teva S
Mandofen 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; MW Pharma G
Mandofen 10 mg tab.; Pentafarma PL
Noltam 10, 20 mg tab.; Lederle GB
Nolvadex 10 mg tab.; Zeneca G, Mexico, GB ICI Pharma, A, CH, B, DK, ES,
Nolvadex 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Zeneca G ICI Pharma A, CH, DK, FR, NL, S, Fl, ES,
Nolvadex D 20 mg tab.,- ICI B, ES, 1, PL, GB, GR
Nolvadex forte 40 mg tab.,- ICI GB, B
Noncarcinon 10 mg tab.,- Fidelis PL
Nourytarn 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Nourypharma G
Oxeprax 20 mg tab. — Wyeth-Orfi ES
Riboxifen (o.c.) 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Ribopharm. G
Tadex 10 mg tab.; Atabay TK
Tadex 10, 20, 40 mg tab.; Lддkefarmos Fl
Tafoxen 10, 20 mg tab.; Ciba-Geigy NL
Tamax 10, 20, 40 mg tab.; Orion Corp. A
Tamaxin 10, 20, 40 mg tab.; Lддkefarmos S -, Orion DK
Tamcal 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Pharmacal F1
Tamexin 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Merckle FI
Tamifen 40 mg tab.; Medochemie BG
Tamofen 10, 20, 40 mg tab.; Leiras FI, Rhone-Poulenc DK D, 5; Tillotts GB; Huh
Tamofene 10, 20 mg tab.; Roger Bellon FR
Tamoplex 10 mg tab.,- Conforma B; Er-Kim A
Tamoplex 30, 40 mg tab.; Chefifarm, GR
Tamoplex 10, 20, 30 mg tab.; Pharmachemie NL
Tamoxan 10, 20 mg tab.; Tecnimede PL; Kener Mexico
Tamoxasta 10, 20 mg tab.; Asta Medica G
Tamox-GRY 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; GRY G
Tamoxifen 10, 20, 40 mg tab.; Farmitalia-Carlo Erba GB; Generics S
Tamox. AL (o.c.) 10, 20 mg tab.; Aluid G
T cell pharm 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Cell pharm G
T citrate 10, 20 mg tab.; Chefifarm GR
Tamox. ct (o.c.) 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; CT Arzneimittel G
T dumex 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Dumex NL
Tamoxifen Ebewe 10, 20 mg tab.; Ebewe A
F Farmos CH 10, 20, 40 mg tab.; Bristol-Myers CH; Orion
T Fermenta 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab. Fermenta 5
lamoxifen Hexal 10, 20, 30 mg tab.; Durascan DK
T Hexal (o.c.) 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Hexal G
T Heumann 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Heumann G
T Lachema 10 mg tab.; CZ
Tamoxifen Leiras 10 mg tab.; Leiras BG
Tamoxifen lederle 10, 20, 40 mg tab.; Lederle NL
Tamoxifen medac 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.,- Medac G
Tamoxifen mp 10, 20 mg tab. — MP LN
Tamoxifen NM 10, 20,40 mg tab. NM Pharma S
Tamoxifen NM 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab., Generics DK
T Onkolan 10, 2 0, 3 0, 40 mg tab.; Lannacher Heilmittel A
T. Pan Medica 10 mg tab.-, Pan-Medica FR
Tpharbita 10, 20 mg tab.; Pharbita NL
T-ratiopharm (o.c.) 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.,- Ratiopharm G
T Sopharma 10 mg tab. The Chem. Pharm. & Res. Inst. Sofia BG
Tamoxifen Tabletts 10 mg tab. Bar Labs U.S.
Tamoxifeno 10 mg tab.,- Farmitalia- Carlo Erba ES
T Farmitalia 10, 20 mg tab.; Farmitalia ES
Tamoxifeno Funk 10, 20 mg tab. Funk S.A. ES
Tamoxifeno Septa 20 mg tab.; Septa ES
T Wassermann 10 mg tab. — Wassermann ES
Tamoxifenum 10, 20 mg tab.; Centrafarm NL
Tamoxifenum gf 10, 20, 40 mg tab.-, GF NL
Tamoxifenum pch 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; PCH NL
Tamoxigenat (o.c.) 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Azuchemie G
Tamox-Puren (o.c.) G 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Klinge-Nattermann-Puren
Taxus 20 mg tab.; Andromaco Mexico
Tecnofen 10, 20 mg tab.; tecnofarma Mexico
Zemide (o.c.) 10, 20, 30, 40 mg tab.; Wyeth-Pharma G
Zitazonium (o.c.) 10 mg tab.; Med Pharma G
Zitazonium 10 mg tab. -, Thiemann G; Egis HU,

This remedy is somewhat different from others since it is not an anabolic/androgenic steroid. For male and female bodybuilders, how-ever, it is a very useful and recommended compound which is con-firmed by its widespread use and mostly positive results. Nolvadex belongs to the group of sex hormones and is a so-called antiestrogen. The normal application of Nolvadex is in the treatment of certain forms of breast cancer in female patients. With Nolvadex it is pos-sible to reverse an existing growth process of deceased tissue and prevent further growth. The growth of certain tissues is stimulated by the body’s own estrogen hormone. This is especially true for the breast glands in men and women since the body has a large number of estrogen receptors at these glands which can bond with the estro-gens present in the blood. If the body’s own estrogen level is unusu-ally high an undesired growth of breast glands occurs. However, in healthy women and particularly in men this is not the case. Despite this, it is mostly male bodybuilders who use Nolvadex, and fewer women. At first sight this seems somewhat inconceivable but when taking a closer look, the reasons are clear. Bodybuilders who take Nolvadex also use anabolic steroids at the same time. Since most steroids aromatize more or less strongly, i.e. part of the substance is converted into estrogens, male bodybuilders can experience a sig-nificant elevation in the normally very low estrogen level. This can lead to feminization symptoms such as gynecomastia (growth of breast glands), increased fat deposits and higher water retention.

The antiestrogen Nolvadex works against this by blocking the es-trogen receptors of the effected body tissue, thereby inhibiting a bonding of estrogens and receptor. It is, however, important to un-derstand that Nolvadex does not prevent the aromatization but only acts as an estrogen antagonist. This means that it does not prevent testosterone and its synthetic derivatives (steroids) from converting into estrogens but only fights with them in a sort of «competition» for the estrogen receptors. This characteristic has the disadvantage that after the discontinuance of Nolvadex a «rebound effect» can occur which means that the suddenly freed estrogen receptors are now able to absorb the estrogen present in the blood. For this reason the combined intake of Proviron is suggested (see Proviron.) Nolvadex is also useful during a diet since it helps in the burning of fat. Al-though Nolvadex has no direct fatburning effect its antiestrogenic effect contributes to keeping the estrogen level as low as possible. Nolvadex should especially be taken together with the strong an-drogenic steroids Dianabol and Anadrol 50, and the various test-osterone compounds. Athletes who have a tendency to retain water and who have a mammary dysfunction should take Nolvadex as a prevention during every steroid intake. Since Nolvadex is very affective in most cases it is no wonder that several athletes can take Anadrol 50 and Dianabol until the day of a competition, and in combination with a diuretic still appear totally ripped in the. limelight. Those who already have a low body fat content will achieve a visibly improved muscle hardness with Nolvadex.

Several bodybuilders like to use Nolvadex at the end of a steroid cycle since it increases the body’s own testosterone production -which will be discussed in more detail in the following-to counter-act the side effects caused by the estrogens. These can occur after the discontinuance of steroids when the androgen level in relationship to the estrogen concentration is too low and estrogen becomes the dominant hormone. A very rare but all the more serious problem of Nolvadex is that in some cases it does not lower the estrogen level but can increase it. Another disadvantage is that it can weaken the anabolic effect of some steroids. The reason is that Nolvadex, as we know, reduces the estrogen level. The fact is, however, that certain steroids -especially the various testosterone compounds-can only achieve their full effect if the estrogen level is sufficiently high. Those who are used to the intake of larger amounts of various steroids do not have to worry about this. Athletes however, who predominantly use mild steroids such as Primobolan, Winstrol, Oxandrolone, and Deca-Durabolin should carefully consider whether or not they should take Nolvadex since, due to the compound’s already moderate ana-bolic effect, an additional loss of effect could take place, leading to unsatisfying results.

A rarely observed but welcome characteristic of Nolvadex is that it has a direct influence on the hypothalamus and thus, by an in-creased release of gonadotropine, it stimulates the testosterone pro-duction in the testes. This does not result in a tremendous but still a measurable increase of the body’s own testosterone. This effect, however, is not sufficient to significantly increase the testosterone production reduced by anabolic/androgenic steroids.

The side effects of Nolvadex are usually low in dosages of up to 30 mg/day In rare cases nausea, vomiting, hot flashes, numbness, and blurred vision can occur. In women irregular menstrual cycles can occur which manifest themselves in weaker menstrual bleeding or even complete missing of a period. Women should also be careful not to get pregnant while taking Nolvadex. It is important for fe-male athletes that Nolvadex and the «pill» not be taken together since the antiestrogen Nolvadex and the estrogen-containing pill nega-tively counterfeit each other. The normal daily dosage taken by athletes corresponds more or less to the dosage indications of the manufacturer and is 10-30 mg/day To prevent estrogenic side ef-fects normally 10 mg/day are sufficient, a dosage which also keeps low the risk of reducing the effect of simultaneously-taken ste-roids. Often it is sufficient if the athlete begins this preventive intake of Nolvadex only three to four weeks after the intake of anabolics. Athletes who have tendencies toward gynecomastia, strong water retention, and increased fat deposits with steroids such as Dianabol, Testosterone, Anadrol 50, and Deca-Durabolin usually take 20-30 mg/day The combined application of Nolvadex 20-30 mg/day and Proviron 25-50 mg/day in these cases leads to excellent results. The same is true for athletes who are in competition, and for women. Women, however, should do without the intake of Proviron or at least reduce the dose to one 25 mg tablet per day. Unfortunately, in most cases, a very pronounced gynecomastia («bitch tits») cannot be reduced by taking Nolvadex so that often surgery is required, surgery which is not paid for by health insurance. First signs of a possible gynecomastia are light pain when touching the nipples. The tablets are usually taken 1-2x daily, swallowed whole without chewing, with some liquid during meals.

Nolvadex unfortunately is a very expensive compound. Some ex-amples: In Germany one hundred 20 mg tablets cost $192. In Spain the prices are fixed by the govern-ment and it makes no difference whether it is an original Nolvadex or a generic compound. One hundred 20 mg tablets cost approx. $60 in Spain. In Greece the same quantity costs about $85. The athlete should look for the 20-mg version since, from its price, it is the most economical. On the black-market, mostly the foreign Nolvadex can be found costing about $2 — 3 per 20 mg tablet. Origi-nal Nolvadex tablets can be easily identified since, on the front, ICI (name of the manufacturer) is stamped and, on the back, the name «Nolvadex». Most of the time the tablet strength is also imprinted. Ten tablets are included in an unusually large push-through strip. In the U.S. original Nolvadex is packaged by the manufacturer, ICI Pharma, in small, white plastic boxes with a childproof screw cap. So far there are no fakes of Nolvadex and its generic products.